Informal reading group dedicated to reading works outside, or at an angle to, the analytic mainstream of philosophy.

Lent Term 2021: Contemporary Poetry

Dates: Saturdays, Lent Term (January – March) 2021
Times: 11:30 – 12:30 (unless otherwise stated) GMT
Convenor: Dr N Krishnan
Venue: Zoom (open to present and former members of the University of Cambridge)

Week 1. 23rd January

Eliot Weinberger and Octavio Paz, Nineteen Ways of Looking at Wang Wei: How a Chinese Poem is Translated (Kingson, RI: Asphodel Press, 1987).

Week 2. 30th January

Derek Mahon, ‘Dawn at St Patrick’s‘, ‘Afterlives‘, ‘Harbour Lights’

Week 3. 6th February

Anne Carson, ‘Essay on What I Think About Most’, ‘Essay on Error (2nd draft)’

Week 4. 13th February

Nick Laird, ‘The Folding‘, ‘The Mark

Week 5. 20th February

Alice Oswald, ‘Danaides‘, ‘Sisyphus’

Week 6. 27th February

Kathleen Jaime, ‘Five Tay Sonnets’

Week 7. 6th March

Maggie Nelson, Bluets §§200–240

Week 8. 13th March

Rowan Williams, ‘Posidonius and the Druid’

Termcards from previous terms…

Michaelmas Term 2020: Liberals, Anti-Liberals, Post-Liberals

Dates: Saturdays, Michaelmas Term (October and November) 2020
Times: 14:00 – 15:30
Convenor: Dr N Krishnan
Venue: Zoom (open to present and former members of the University of Cambridge)

Week 1. Saturday, 10th October

Anne Applebaum, Twilight of Democracy: The Failure of Politics and the Parting of Friends (Penguin, 2020): Introduction and Ch 1.

Excerpt from: Ivan Krastev & Stephen Holmes, The Light That Failed: A Reckoning (Penguin, 2019). [URL]

Week 2. Saturday, 17th October

Zadie Smith, ‘Fences: A Brexit Diary’, The New York Review of Books, 18 August 2016. [URL]

Zadie Smith, ‘Speaking in Tongues’, The New York Review of Books, 26 February 2009. [URL]

Jon Baskin, ‘Friends Like These’, The Point, 28 January 2020. [URL]

Week 3. Saturday, 24th October

Marilynne Robinson, ‘Onward, Christian Liberals’, The American Scholar, 2006. [URL]

Marilynne Robinson, ‘Open Thy Hand Wide: Moses and the Origins of American Liberalism’, from When I Was a Child, I Read Books: Essays (2012).

Casey Cep, ‘Marilynne Robinson’s Essential American Stories’, The New Yorker, 25 September 2020. [URL]

Week 4. Saturday, 31st October

Patrick J. Deneen, ‘Introduction’, in Why Liberalism Failed (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2018).

Adrian Vermuele, ‘Integration from Within’, American Affairs Journal, Spring 2018.

Daniel Luban, ‘Among the Post-Liberals’, Dissent Magazine, Winter 2020. [URL]

Jon Baskin, ‘Academia’s Holy Warriors’, Chronicle of Higher Education, 12 September 2019.

Week 5. Saturday, 7th November

Ta-Nehisi Coates, ‘The Black Family in the Age of Mass Incarceration’, The Atlantic, 2015. [URL]

Pankaj Mishra, ‘Why Do White People like What I Write?’, London Review of Books, 22 February 2018. [URL]

Week 6. Saturday, 14th November

Amia Srinivasan, ‘Sex as a Pedagogical Failure’, The Yale Law Journal, Vol. 129 No. 4, February 2020, pp. 924–1275. [URL]

Amia Srinivasan, ‘Does Anyone Have the Right to Sex?’, London Review of Books, 22 March 2018. [URL]

Week 7. Saturday, 21st November

John Sanbonmatsu, ‘Introduction’, in Critical Theory and Animal Liberation, ed. John Sanbonmatsu (Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2011), 1–32.

Rachel Elizabeth Fraser, ‘Animal Citizens, Animal Workers’, The New Inquiry, 2017. [URL]

Week 8. Saturday, 28th November

Meghan O’Gieblyn, ‘Dispatch from Flyover Country’, in The Threepenny Review (2016), reprinted in Interior States (2018). [URL]

Brian Phillips, ‘Computer Love’, Grantland, 2012. [URL]

Summer Vacation 2020: Landscape, Travel and Adventure

Dates: Saturdays from July to mid-September
Times: 11:30 – 12:30 BST
Convenor: Dr N Krishnan

I. Saturday, 4th July

James Baldwin, ‘Equal in Paris’ [URL]

II. Saturday, 11th July

George Orwell, Extracts from Homage to Catalonia (Chapters 1 and 5)

‘To Fellow Travellers’, The Point, May 26 2015 [URL]

III. Saturday, 18th July

Kathleen Jamie, ‘In Quinhagak’ from Surfacing

IV. Saturday, 25th July

Rory Stewart, ‘In Papua’

Rory Stewart, ‘Walking across Iran’

Rory Stewart, ‘Two-way Traffic’ [URL]

V. Saturday, 1st August

Virginia Woolf, ‘Street Haunting’ [URL]

Rebecca Solnit, ‘The Solitary Stroller and the City’ from Wanderlust: A History of Walking

VI. Saturday, 8th August

Geoff Dyer, ‘Miss Cambodia’ and ‘The Infinite Edge’ from Yoga for People Who Can’t Be Bothered to Do It

VII. Saturday, 15th August

VS Naipaul, ‘Prologue to an Autobiography’ from Finding the Centre

VIII. Saturday, 22nd August

Neal Ascherson, Ch 11 from Stone Voices: The Search for Scotland

Easter Term 2020: 21st-Century Short Fiction and Philosophy

Dates: Saturdays of Easter term
Times: 1130 – 1230
Venue: Zoom (contact the convenor for details)
Convenor: Dr N Krishnan

This term, we’ll be continuing to discuss philosophically interesting short fiction from living writers, most of it published very recently. The meetings will happen on Zoom (contact the convener for details). No knowledge of fiction or philosophy will be presupposed at our meetings. All welcome!

Week 1 (Saturday, 25th April)

Sally Rooney, ‘Color and Light’ (2019) [Audio] [Interview]

Sally Rooney, ‘Robbie Brady’s astonishing late goal takes its place in our personal histories’ (2017)

Week 2 (Saturday, 2nd May)

Ted Chiang, ‘Story of Your Life’ (2000)

Week 3 (Saturday, 9th May)

Hilary Mantel, ‘Sorry to Disturb’ [aka: ‘Someone to Disturb’] (2009)

Week 4 (Saturday, 16th May)

Ben Lerner, ‘The Golden Vanity’ (2012)

Week 5 (Saturday, 23rd May)

Daniyal Mueenudin, ‘In Other Rooms, Other Wonders’ (2008)

Week 6 (Saturday, 30th May)

Yiyun Li, ‘Extra’

Week 7 (Saturday, 6th June)

Yiyun Li, ‘All Will Be Well’

Week 8 (Saturday, 13th June)

Zadie Smith, ‘The Embassy of Cambodia’ (2013)

Lent Term 2020: Short Fiction and Philosophy

Dates: Saturdays of full term
Times: 1130 – 1230 (coffee and biscuits from 1100)
Venue: Robinson College (see below for precise location)
Convenor: Dr N Krishna

This term, we’ll be reading pieces of philosophically interesting short fiction from the 20th century. No knowledge of fiction or philosophy will be presupposed at our meetings. All welcome!

Week 1 (Saturday, 18th January; Garden Room)

Jorge Luis Borges, ‘The Gospel According to Mark’

Week 2 (Saturday, 25th January; Linnett Room)

Nadine Gordimer, ‘Town and Country Lovers’

Week 3 (Saturday, 1st February; Garden Room)

Alice Munro, ‘Fiction’

Week 4 (Saturday, 8th February; Garden Room)

Penelope Fitzgerald, ‘The Axe’

MR James, ‘Oh Whistle and I’ll Come to you, My Lad’ [URL]

Week 5 (Saturday, 15th February; Garden Room)

Frank O’Connor, ‘Man of the World’

Week 6 (Saturday, 22nd February; Linnett Room)

Steven Millhauser, ‘In the Reign of Harad IV’

Peter Carey, ‘The Last Days of a Famous Mime’

Week 7 (Saturday, 29th February; Garden Room)

Ursula Le Guin, ‘The Ones Who Walk Away from Omelas’

Shirley Jackson, ‘The Lottery’ [URL]

Week 8 (Saturday, 7th March; Linnett Room)

Jorge Luis Borges, ‘The Aleph’

Additional: Dante, Paradiso XXIII [URL]

Michaelmas Term 2019: Stanley Cavell

Dates: Saturdays of full term
Times: 1130 – 1230 (coffee and biscuits from 1100)
Venue: Robinson College (see below for precise location)
Convenor: Dr N Krishna

This term we’ll be looking at some representative works from the oeuvre of the American philosopher Stanley Cavell. Cavell is the paradigmatic schmilosopher, ranging in his interests from the ordinary language philosophy of Wittgenstein and Austin, through Shakespeare and the American transcendentalists Emerson and Thoreau, to the Hollywood comedies of the 1940s and 50s, claiming them all for philosophy and philosophers. We’ll be reading a (very) roughly representative set of essays from various periods of his career. No knowledge of Cavell, or of the thinkers he writes about, will be presupposed at our meetings. All welcome!

Week 1 (Saturday, 12th October; Garden Room)

Stanley Cavell, ‘Music Discomposed’, in Must We Mean What We Say? A Book of Essays (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2015 [1969]), 167–196.  [URL]

Week 2 (Saturday, 19th October; Linnett Room)

Stanley Cavell, ‘Must We Mean What We Say?’, in Must We Mean What We Say? A Book of Essays (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2015 [1969]), 1–43. [URL]

Week 3 (Saturday, 26th October; Linnett Room)

Stanley Cavell, ‘Declining Decline: Wittgenstein as a Philosopher of Culture’, Inquiry 31, no. 3 (1 January 1988): 253–64. [URL]

Week 4 (Saturday, 2nd November; Garden Room)

Stanley Cavell, ‘The Avoidance of Love: A Reading of King Lear’, in Must We Mean What We Say? A Book of Essays (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2015), 246–325. [URL]

Week 5 (Saturday, 9th November; Garden Room)

Stanley Cavell, The Senses of Walden: An Expanded Edition (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1992), pp. 3–35.

Week 6 (Saturday, 16th November; Garden Room)

Stanley Cavell, ‘The Importance of Importance: The Philadelphia Story’, in Pursuits of Happiness: The Hollywood Comedy of Remarriage (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1981), 133–160.

Week 7 (Saturday, 23rd November; Garden Room)

Stanley Cavell, ‘Being Odd, Getting Even: Threats To Individuality’, Salmagundi, no. 67 (1985): 97–128. [URL/PDF]

Week 8 (Saturday, 30th November; Garden Room)

Stanley Cavell, ‘The Uncanniness of the Ordinary’, in In Quest of the Ordinary: Lines of Skepticism and Romanticism (University of Chicago Press, 1994), pp. 153–178. [URL: Original Tanner Lecture]

Lent Term 2019: Contemporary French Philosophy

Dates: Saturdays of term
Times: 1130 – 1230 (coffee and biscuits from 1100)
Venue: Robinson College (see below for precise locations)
Convenors: Dr N Krishna and Dr M Steenhagen

This term, we’ll be looking at philosophy in France (and the Francophone world) published from the 1980s to the present. The readings, which we’ll be doing in translation, come out of disparate traditions and cover metaphysics, epistemology, the philosophy of (social) science and social/political theory. No previous knowledge of, or sympathy for, French philosophy is expected, just an open mind. Second-listed readings, if any, are optional.

Week 1 (Saturday, 19th January; Garden Room)

Michèle Le Dœuff, ‘Ants and Women, or Philosophy without Borders’, Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplements 21 (March 1987): 41–54. [PDF]

Week 2 (Saturday, 26th January; Garden Room)

Bernard Stiegler, ‘Who? What? The Invention of the Human’, in Technics and Time, trans. Richard Beardsworth and George Collins, vol. 1, Meridian: Crossing Aesthetics (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1998), 134–79.

We’ll be joined by Dr Martin Crowley, Reader in Modern French Thought and Culture in the Faculty of Modern & Medieval Languages

Week 3 (Saturday, 2nd February; Garden Room)

Bruno Latour, We Have Never Been Modern, trans. Catherine Porter (Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press, 1993), pp. 1–48.

Week 4 (Saturday, 9th February; Garden Room)

Quentin Meillasoux, ‘Potentiality and Virtuality’, in Collapse Vol. 2: Speculative Realism, trans. Robin Mackay (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 2007), 224–36.

Week 5 (Saturday, 16th February; Garden Room)

Jacques Rancière, The Politics of Aesthetics: The Distribution of the Sensible, trans. Gabriel Rockhill (London: Continuum International Publishing Group, 2004), pp. 9–45.

Week 6 (Saturday, 23rd February; Linnett Room)

Chantal Mouffe, ‘Carl Schmitt and the Paradox of Liberal Democracy’, Canadian Journal of Law & Jurisprudence 10, no. 1 (January 1997): 21–33.

Tracey B Strong, ‘Foreword: Dimensions of the Debate around Carl Schmitt’, in The Concept of the Political, by Carl Schmitt, trans. George Schwab, Expanded edition (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2007), ix–xxxi.

Week 7 (Saturday, 2nd March; Linnett Room)

Didier Eribon, Returning to Reims, trans. Michael Lucey (Los Angeles: Semiotext(e), 2013), pp. 15–61.

Didier Eribon, ‘The Flight to the City’, in Insult and the Making of the Gay Self, trans. Michael Lucey (Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2004), 18–23.

Week 8 (Saturday, 9th March; Linnett Room)

Gilles Deleuze and Félix Guattari, What Is Philosophy?, trans. Hugh Tomlinson and Graham Burchell III (New York: Columbia University Press, 1996), pp. 1–34.

Michaelmas Term 2018: Art, Freud and Socialism, or Themes from the Philosophy of Richard Wollheim

Dates: Saturdays of term
Times: 1130 – 1230 (coffee and biscuits from 1100)
Venue: Robinson College (see below for precise locations)
Convenors: Dr N Krishna and Dr M Steenhagen

Richard Wollheim (1923–2003), with his disreputable interest in the visual arts, psychoanalysis and socialist theory, is in many ways the archetypal schmilosopher. As one of his obituarists put it, ‘in terms of what engaged him as a philosopher, he stood far closer than any of his [analytic] peers to continental thought.’ This term, we’ll be looking at some of his writings alongside those of the figures who most deeply influenced him (the psychoanalyst Melanie Klein and the art critic Adrian Stokes).

Week 1 (Saturday, 6th October; Garden Room)

Richard Wollheim, “Minimal Art,” Arts Magazine, January 1965; reprinted in Richard Wollheim, On Art and the Mind: Essays and Lectures (London: Allen Lane, 1973), 101–11.

Week 2 (Saturday, 13th October; Garden Room)

Richard Wollheim, “The Sheep and the Ceremony,” The Leslie Stephen Lecture, University of Cambridge, 1979 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1979), reprinted in Richard Wollheim, The Mind and its Depths (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1993), 1–21.

Week 3 (Saturday, 20th October; venue tbc)

* Richard Wollheim, “From Voices to Values: The Growth of the Moral Sense,” in The Thread of Life (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1984), 197–225.

Richard Wollheim, “Germs: A Memoir,” London Review of Books, April 15, 2004, 3–16. [URL]

Week 4 (Saturday, 27th October; Garden Room)

* Raymond Williams, “Culture is Ordinary,” Resources of Hope: Culture, Democracy, Socialism, ed. Robin Gable (London: Verso, 1989), 3–14.

* Richard Wollheim, Socialism and Culture (London: The Fabian Society, 1961), 1–4.

Kingsley Amis et al, “Definitions of Culture,” in New Statesman, Jun 2 1961, 880–84.

Richard Wollheim, “Definitions of Culture: Reply,” in New Statesman, Jun 9 1961, 926–7.

Week 5 (Saturday, 3rd November; Garden Room)

Richard Wollheim, “Crime, Sin, and Mr Justice Devlin”, Encounter (1959).

Patrick Devlin, The Enforcement of Morals: Maccabean Lecture in Jurisprudence of the British Academy (London: Oxford University Press, 1959).

Week 6 (Saturday, 10th November; Garden Room)

Richard Wollheim, “Freud and the Understanding of Art,” British Journal of Aesthetics 10, no. 3 (1970): 211–24.

Sigmund Freud, Jokes and their Relation to the Unconscious [Brill Translation] [Strachey translation]

Sigmund Freud, “The Moses of Michelangelo”

Sigmund Freud, “Leonardo da Vinci and a Memory of his Childhood”

Week 7 (Saturday, 17th November; Garden Room)

Melanie Klein, “Envy and Gratitude,” in Envy and Gratitude and Other Works 1946-1963, vol. III, The Writings of Melanie Klein (New York: The Free Press, 1975), 176–235.

Richard Wollheim, “Melanie Klein” (BBC Radio 3, July 12, 1983).

Week 8 (Saturday, 24th November; Garden Room)

Adrian Stokes, “The Invitation in Art,” in The Invitation in Art (London: Tavistock Publications, 1965), 13–34.

Richard Wollheim, “Preface,” in Adrian Stokes, The Invitation in Art (London: Tavistock Publications, 1965), xi–xxxii.

Richard Wollheim, “Introduction,” in Adrian Stokes, The Image in Form, 9–31.

Schedules from previous terms

Lent Term 2018: Reflections on History

Dates: Saturdays of term
Times: 1130 – 1230 (coffee and biscuits from 1100)
Venue: Robinson College (see below for precise locations)

Week 1 (Saturday, 20th Jan; Garden Room)

Walter Benjamin, “Theses on the Philosophy of History”, in Illuminations, trans. Harry Zohn (New York: Harcourt, Brace & World, 1968), 253–64.

Additional reading: Susan Sontag, “Under the Sign of Saturn”, in Under the Sign of Saturn (New York: Vintage Books, 1981 [1980]), 109–136.

Additional listening: “Walter Benjamin, Thinking Allowed – BBC Radio 4,” BBC. [URL]

Week 2 (Saturday, 27th Jan; Garden Room)

Hannah Arendt, “The Eggs Speak Up”, in Essays in Understanding 1930–1954, ed. Jerome Cohn (New York: Schocken Books, 2005), 270–84.

Additional reading: Tony Judt, “At Home in This Century,” The New York Review of Books, April 6, 1995.
Tony Judt, “The ‘Problem of Evil’ in Postwar Europe,” The New York Review of Books, February 14, 2008. [URL]

Week 3 (Saturday, 3rd Feb; Garden Room)

Michael Oakeshott, “Rationalism in Politics”, in Rationalism in Politics and Other Essays, New and expanded edition (Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, 1991 [1962]), 5–42.

Additional reading: Perry Anderson, “The Intransigent Right at the End of the Century,” London Review of Books, September 24, 1992.
Stephen Holmes, “The Permanent Structure of Anti-liberal Thought,” in Liberalism and the Moral Life, ed. Nancy L Rosenblum, , 227–53.

Week 4 (Saturday, 10th Feb; Garden Room)

Judith Shklar, “The Liberalism of Fear,” in Liberalism and the Moral Life, ed. Nancy L Rosenblum (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1989), 21–38.

Additional reading: Michael Walzer, “On Negative Politics,” in Liberalism without Illusions (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1996), pp. 17-24.
Bernard Williams, “The Liberalism of Fear,” in In the Beginning Was the Deed, ed. Geoffrey Hawthorn (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2005), 52–61.

Week 5 (Saturday, 17th Feb; Garden Room)

Susan Sontag, Illness as Metaphor (New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1977), 57–88.

Additional reading: Susan Sontag, Illness as Metaphor (New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1977), 3–57.

Week 6 (Saturday, 24th Feb; Linnett Room)

TS Eliot, “Tradition and the Individual Talent”, in The Sacred Wood, 42–53.

Additional reading: Jorge Luis Borges, “The Argentine Writer and Tradition”, in Labyrinths.

Week 7 (Saturday, 3rd Mar; Auditorium Lounge)

V. S. Naipaul, “Reading & Writing,” The New York Review of Books, February 18, 1999.

Additional reading: Derek Walcott, “The Muse of History,” in What the Twilight Says: Essays (New York: Farrar Straus Giroux, 1998), 36–64.

Week 8 (Saturday, 10th Mar; Auditorium Lounge)

David Halperin, “One Hundred Years of Homosexuality” in One Hundred Years of Homosexuality and other essays on Greek Love.


Michaelmas Term 2017: Analytic Philosophy and its Critics

Week 1 (Saturday, the 7th of October)

Required reading

Ernest Nagel, ‘Impressions and Appraisals of Analytic Philosophy in Europe I’, The Journal of Philosophy, Vol. 33, No. 1 (Jan. 2, 1936), pp. 5-24.

Michael Dummett, Origins of Analytical Philosophy (Harvard University Press, 1993), Chapter I (pp. 1–3).

Recommended additional reading

Ernest Nagel, ‘Impressions and Appraisals of Analytic Philosophy in Europe II’, The Journal of Philosophy, Vol. 33,No. 2 (Jan. 16, 1936), pp. 29-53.

Michael Dummett, Origins of Analytical Philosophy (Harvard University Press, 1993), Preface, Chapter I and II (pp. viii–xi, 1–14).


Week 2 (Saturday the 14th of October)

Required reading

Jonathan Rée, ‘English Philosophy in the Fifties,’ Radical Philosophy 65 (1993): 3–21.

Recommended additional reading

Ved Mehta, Fly and the Fly-Bottle: Encounters with Contemporary British Intellectuals (London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1963), pp. 1–45.

Iris Murdoch, ‘Against Dryness: A Polemical Sketch’, Encounter, January 1961, pp. 16–20.

Bernard Williams, ‘Review of GJ Warnock, English Philosophy since 1900′Philosophy 34, no. 129 (April 1959): 168–70.


Week 3 (Saturday the 21st of October)

Required reading

RG Collingwood, An Autobiography, Chs. III–VI.

Recommended additional reading

Simon Blackburn, ‘Being and Time’ [URL]

Bernard Williams, ‘An Essay on Collingwood’


Week 4 (Saturday the 28th of October)

Required reading [NB. All very short]

GEM [Elizabeth] Anscombe, ‘Does Oxford moral philosophy corrupt youth?’

RM Hare and PH Nowell-Smith, ‘Letters to the editor’

GEM Anscombe, ‘Reply to Hare and Nowell-Smith’

Recommended additional reading

Ved Mehta, Fly in the Fly-Bottle, pp. 46–57

Alasdair MacIntyre, ‘The Virtues, the Unity of a Human Life and the Concept of a Tradition’ from After Virtue

Cora Diamond, ‘Losing Your Concepts’


Week 5 (Saturday the 4th of November)

Required reading

Harriet McBryde Johnson, ‘Unspeakable Conversations’, The New York Times Magazine, February 16 2003. [URL]

Recommended additional reading

Eva Feder Kittay, ‘The Personal Is Philosophical Is Political: A Philosopher and Mother of a Cognitively Disabled Person Sends Notes From the Battlefield,’ Metaphilosophy 40, no. 3–4 (2009): 606–27. [JSTOR]

Stephen Mulhall, ‘Fearful Thoughts’, London Review of Books, August 22, 2002.


Week 6 (Saturday the 11th of November)

Required reading

Stanley Cavell, ‘The Availability of Wittgenstein’s Later Philosophy’

Recommended additional reading

Naomi Scheman, ‘Forms of Life: Mapping the Rough Ground’

Cora Diamond, ‘What if x isn’t the number of sheep? Wittgenstein and Thought-Experiments in Ethics’


Week 7 (Saturday the 18th of November)

Required reading

Herbert Marcuse, ‘The Triumph of Positive Thinking: One-dimensional philosophy’ (from One-Dimensional Man)

Recommended additional reading / viewing

Perry Anderson, ‘Components of the National Culture’, New Left Review, July-August 1968, esp. §§7–8.

Hannah Arendt, ‘Some Questions of Moral Philosophy’

Theodor Adorno, ‘The Essay as Form’

Herbert Marcuse, ‘The Frankfurt School’ (BBC interview with Bryan Magee) (YouTube)


Week 8 (Saturday the 25th of November)

Required reading

Richard Rorty, ‘Analytic Philosophy and Conversational Philosophy’

Recommended additional reading

Richard Rorty, ‘Philosophy in America Today’

Alasdair MacIntyre, ‘Philosophy and Its History’

Bernard Williams, ‘Getting it Right’

Hilary Putnam, ‘Richard Rorty on Reality and Justification’